What is dry eye syndrome?
What causes dry eyes?
The tear film is made up of 3 components (oil, water, mucus), a mixture which smooths out the surface of the eye and protects it from infection.
- Outer layer (oil): keeps tears from evaporating too fast
- Middle layer (water): to nourish the eyes and wash away particles and irritants.
- Inner layer (mucus): ensure that the eye remains wet.
Who are at risk?
Dry eyes can be the result of one or several factors, such as:
- Age, as tears production decreases as we age.
- Certain types of medications such as antihistamines, birth control pills, antidepressants
- Long term contact lens wear
- Refractive surgeries such as LASIK
- Ocular conditions such as incomplete closure of eyelids, causing eye to be exposed.
- Immune system disorders including diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, scleroderma, Sjogren’s syndrome, thyroid disorders and vitamin A deficiency.
- Environmental factors including wind, smoke or dry air
- Not blinking enough, tends to happen when you are concentrating on a task
What are the symptoms of dry eyes?
- Dryness sensation
- Watery eyes
- Stinging, burning or itchy sensation
- Blurred vision
- Eye fatigue
- Feeling of something in your eye
- Difficulty wearing contact lenses
Complications due to Dry Eye Syndrome
- Increased risk of eye infections
- Damage to surface of eyes, especially in long term
- Decreased quality of life, as dry eyes may cause difficulty in performing daily activities such as reading.
Treatments and preventive measures
- Lifestyle changes: Avoid air blowing into your eyes, reduce exposure to aircon, take enough eye breaks and have a balanced diet with sufficient Omega 3 lipid components.
- Reducing contact lenses wear
- Use unidose eye drops as they are preservative-free
United Eyecare’s Dry Eye Kit includes:
- Unidose Eye Drops
- Eye Supplements
- Lid Wipes
- One pouch